WS 06/07: Materiewellen und Licht


Basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and light optics


In the past 10 years many new experimental methods have been developed allowing the production of well controlled quantum objects (matter waves) in the laboratory (Nobel price 1997 and 2001). The different methods and principles will be discussed utilzing discriptive experiments (original literature). The lecture will be divided into four main topics:

  • Theoretical basics
  • Laser cooling
  • Coherent manipulation of atoms
  • Atomic quantum gases

Additional Material:

Using Light as a Lens for Submicron, Neutral-Atom Lithography
Cesium Atoms Bouncing in a Stable Gravitational Cavity
Bragg Scattering of Atoms from a Standing Light Wave
Channeling Atoms in a Laser Standing Wave
Long Atomic Coherence Times in an Optical Dipole Trap
Dressed-atom approach to atomic motion in laser light: the dipole force revisited
Experimental Demonstration of the Optical Stern-Gerlach Effect
Diffraction of Atoms by Light: The Near-Resonant Kapitza-Dirac Effect
Laser cooling below the Doppler limit by polarization gradients: simple theoretical models

Recommended Literature:

Experimentally orientated:
Laser Cooling and Trapping, H.J. Metcalf, P. van der Straten Springer 1999

Atom optics, P. Meystre, Springer 2001
The Quantum Theory of Light, Rodney Loudon, Oxford Science Publications 1990

Very theoretical but THE BIBLE:
Atom-Photon Interactions C. Cohen Tannoudji, J. Dupont Roc, G. Grynberg, John Wiley 1992