1. Y. Chen, X. Duan, M. Matuschek, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. Duan, and N. Liu
    Dynamic Color Displays Using Stepwise Cavity Resonators
    Nano Letters, ASAP, published online (2017).
  1. M. Hentschel, M. Schäferling, X. Y. Duan, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Chiral plasmonics
    Invited review, Science Advances 3, e1602735 (2017).
  1. A. Kuzyk, M. Urban, A. Idili, F. Ricci, and N. Liu
    Selective control of reconfigurable chiral plasmonic metamolecules
    Science Advances 3, e1602803 (2017).
    News article at Aalto University: "Self-assembled nanostructures can be selectively controlled".
  1. X. Y. Duan, S. Kamin, and N. Liu
    Dynamic plasmonic colour display
    Nature Communications 8, 14606 (2017).
    News article at MPG 'Magic ink from the nanoworld".
    News article at the EU Research & Innovation Magazine 'Fireworks on a pinhead as electrons enable colours in 100 000 pixels per inch'.



  1. M. Urban, P. Dutta, P. Wang, X. Y. Duan, X. B. Shen, B. Ding, Y. G. Ke, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic toroidal metamolecules assembled by DNA origami
    JACS 138, 5495 (2016).
  2. X. Y. Duan, S. Kamin, F. Sterl, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Hydrogen-regulated chiral nanoplasmonics
    Nano Lett. 16, 1462 (2016).
  3. A. Kuzyk, Y. Y. Yang, X. Y. Duan, S. Stoll, A. O. Govorov, H. Sugiyama, M. Endo, and N. Liu
    A light-driven 3D plasmonic nanosystem that translates molecular motion into reversible chiroptical function
    Nature Communications 7, 10591 (2016).
    News article at MPG 'Nanoscharnier – mit Licht geschmiert'.
    Featured highlight in perspective article 'Applying plasmonics to a sustainable future' by Mark Brongersma in Science.


  1. M. Urban, C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    Optically resolving the dynamic walking of a plasmonic walker couple
    Nano Lett. Nano Lett. 15, 8392 (2015).
  2. X. Y. Duan, S. Yue, and N. Liu
    Understanding complex chiral plasmonics
    Nanoscale 7, 17237 (2015).
  3. C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    A plasmonic nanorod that walks on DNA origami
    Nature Communications 6, 8102 (2015).


  1. N. Li, A. Tittl, S. Yue, H. Giessen, C. Song, B. Ding, and N. Liu
    DNA-assembled bimetallic plasmonic nanosensors
    Nature Light Science and Applications 3, e226 (2014).
    Featured highlight in perspective article ‘Nanoplasmonic sensing and detection’ by Mark Stockman in Science
  2. A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, H. Zhang, A. Govorov, T. Liedl, and N. Liu
    3D reconfigurable plasmonic metamolecules
    Nature Materials 13, 862 (2014).
    News and Views by Andrea Di Falco in Nature Materials, ‘Chiral plasmonic nanostructures: Twisted by DNA
    News article in Nanowerk ‘DNA used as a nano-gold lightswitch
  3. A. Tittl, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic gas and chemical sensing
    Invited review, Nanophotonics 3, 157 (2014).


  1. X. B. Shen, P. F. Zhan, A. Kuzyk, Q. Liu, A. Asenjo-Garcia, H. Zhang, F. J. García de Abajo, A. Govorov, B. Q. Ding, and N. Liu
    3D plasmonic chiral colloids
    Nanoscale 6, 2077 (2013).

  2. X. b. Shen, A. Asenjo-Garcia, Q. Liu, Q. Jiang, J. García de Abajo, N. Liu*, and B. Q. Ding*
    3D plasmonic chiral tetramers assembled by DNA origami
    Nano Lett. 13, 2128 (2013).
  3. A. Tittl, X. Yin, H. Giessen, X. D. Tian, Z. Q. Tian, C. Kremers, D. N. Chigrin, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic smart dust for probing local chemical reactions
    Nano Lett. 13, 1816 (2013).
    News article in Chemistry World ‘Plasmonic smart dust conjures kinetics clues’.
    News article in Nanowerk ‘Plasmonic smart dust to probe local chemical reactions’.
  4. N. Liu*, F. Wen*, Y. Zhao*, Y. M. Wang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Alu          
    Individual nanoantennas loaded with three-dimensional optical nanocircuits
    Nano Lett. 13, 142 (2013).
    Featured highlight ‘Optical nanocircuits’ in Nature Materials 12, 178 (2013).


  1. F. Wen*, J. Ye*, N. Liu*, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas                                                              
    Plasmonic transmutation: introducing new modes in nanoclusters by adding dielectric nanoparticles
    Nano Lett. 12, 5020 (2012).
  2. N. Liu*, S. Mukherjee*, K. Bao*, Y. Li, L. Brown, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas                     
    Manipulating magnetic plasmon propagation in metallic nanocluster networks                               
    ACS Nano 6, 5482 (2012).
    News article in ‘Fused molecules guide magnetic plasmons’.
  3. M. Hentschel, M. Schäferling, Th. Weiss, N. Liu, and H. Giessen                                           
    Three-dimensional chiral plasmonic oligomers                                                 
    Nano Lett. 12, 2542 (2012).
  4. T. J. Davis, M. Hentschel, N. Liu, and H. Giessen                                                                
    Analytical model of the three-dimensional plasmonic ruler                                                         
    ACS Nano 6, 1291 (2012).
    Featured highlight ‘How 3D Plasmonic rulers measure up?’ in ACS Nano 6, 990 (2012).
  5. N. Liu and A. Pucci,                                                                                                            
    Know your molecules                                                                                                 
    Nature Materials 11, 9 (2012).
  6. X. B. Shen, C. Song, J. Y. Wang, D. W. Shi, Z. G. Wang, N. Liu*, B. Q. Ding*                
    Rolling up gold nanoparticle-dressed DNA origami into three-dimensional plasmonic chiral nanostructures                  
    JACS 134, 146 (2012).
  7. N. Liu*, S. Mukherjee*, K. Bao*, L. Brown, J. Dorfmüller, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas              
    Magnetic plasmon formation and propagation in artificial aromatic molecules                       
    Nano Lett. 12, 364 (2012).


  1. A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen
    Palladium-based plasmonic perfect absorber in the visible wavelength range and its application to hydrogen sensing          
    Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
    News article in Ars Technica ‘Plasmons on precious metals make for super-sensitive hydrogen leak detector’.
  2. M. L. Tang*, N. Liu*, J. A. Dionne, and A. P. Alivisatos,                                                   
    Observations of shape-dependent hydrogen uptake trajectories from single nanocrystals              
    JACS 133, 133220 (2011).
  3. N. Liu*, M. Lee Tang*, M. Hentschel*, H. Giessen, and A. P. Alivisatos                            
    Nanoantenna-enhanced hydrogen gas sensing in a single tailored nanofocus                       
    Nature Materials 10, 631 (2011).
    Cover article of Nature Materials.
    News article ‘Sensors in the focus’ by Jörg Heber.
    News article in  ‘Nanoantennas target single particles’.
    LBL news article ‘Sharpening the Nanofocus: Berkeley Lab Researchers Use Nanoantenna to Enhance Plasmonic Sensing’.
  4. N. Liu, A. P. Alivisatos, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, and H. Giessen
    3D plasmon rulers
    Science 332, 1407 (2011).
    Perspective article by Carsten Sönnichsen ‘Detecting intruders on the nanoscale’ in Science 332, 1389 (2011).
    Featured highlight ‘Plasmon rulers: Measuring in 3D’ in Nature Nanotechnology 332, 1407 (2011)
    News article in Photonik ‘Mikroskopische Messung in 3D’.
    News article in ChemPhysChem ‘The Plasmonic Ruler Goes 3D!
    LBL news article ‘Taking the 3D Measure of Macromolecules’.
  5. M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu                                          
    Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior                               
    ACS Nano 5, 2042 (2011)


  1. M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu                                            
    Transition from isolated to collective modes in plasmonic oligomers                                       
    Nano Lett. 10, 2721 (2010).
    News article by Jörg Heber ‘The dark side of photonics’.
    News and Views by Mark I. Stockman ‘Dark-hot resonances’ in Nature 467, 541 (2010).
  2. N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen                                                      
    Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor                                            
    Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
  3. N. Liu
    Coupling games in metamaterials
    Physik Journal, 09/2010, 57 (2010).
  4. H. Liu, J. X. Cao, S. N. Zhu, N. Liu, R. Ameling, and H. Giessen
    Lagrange model for the chiral optical properties of plasmonic stereometamaterials
    Phys. Rev. B 81, 241403(R) (2010).
  5. N. Liu and H. Giessen
    Coupling effects in optical metamaterials
    invited review, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 49, 9838 (2010).
    This paper has been featured in Nature Chemistry 4, 1275 (2012).


  1. N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirschner, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen
    Planar metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing
    Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2009).
    Cover article of Nano letters
    News article in Technology Review ‘Goldener Durchblick
    This paper is one of the most cited papers in Nano Letters of the last 3 years.
  2. N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen
    Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit     
    Nature Materials 8, 758 (2009).
    Cover article of Nature Materials.
    News and Views by S. A. Maier ‘Plasmonics: The benefits of darkness’ in Nature Materials 8, 699 (2009).
    Featured highlight ‘Plasmonic transparency’ in Nature Physics 5, 532 (2009).
  3. N. Liu, H. Liu, S. Zhu, and H. Giessen
    Nature Photonics 3, 157 (2009).
    Cover article of Nature Photonics.
    News article by Oliver Graydon ‘A clever twist’ in Nature Photonics 3, 176 (2009).


  1. N. Liu and H. Giessen
    Three-dimensional optical metamaterials as model systems for longitudinal and transverse magnetic coupling
    Optics Express 16, 21233 (2008).
  2. N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Magnetoinductive and Electroinductive Coupling in Plasmonic Metamaterial Molecules
    Advanced Materials 20, 4521 (2008).
    This article has been highlighted in NanoS 04.08, 19 (Dec. 2008).
  3. N. Liu, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Plasmonic building blocks for magnetic molecules in three-dimensional optical metamaterials
    Advanced Materials 20, 3859 (2008)
    Featured highlight ‘An added dimension’ in Nature Photonics 2, 644 (2008).
  4. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies
    Nature Materials 7, 31 (2008).
    News and Views by G. Shvets ‘Photonics: Metamaterials add an extra dimension’ in Nature Materials 7, 7 (2008).
    Hot paper in 2009 selected by Thomson Reuters.
    Interview by
  5. H. Guo, T.P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, N. Liu, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Optical resonances of bowtie slot antennas and their geometry and material dependence
    Opt. Express 16, 7756-7766 (2008).
  6. L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen        
    Synthesis of transmission line models for metamaterial slabs at optical frequencies
    Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).


  1. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials    
    Advanced Materials 19, 3628 (2007)
  2. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and Harald Giessen
    Electromagnetic resonances in single and double split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1251 (2007)
  3. H. Guo, N. Liu, L. Fu, T. P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Resonance hybridization in double split-ring resonator metamaterials
    Opt. Express 15, 12095 (2007).
  4. H. Schweizer, L. Fu, H. Gräbeldinger, H. Guo, N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen,
    Negative permeability around 630 nm in nanofabricated meander metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (a) 204, 3886 (2007).
  5. H. Schweizer, L. Fu, H. Gräbeldinger, H. Guo, N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Longitudinal capacitance design for optical left-handed metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1243 (2007).
  6. H. Guo, N. Liu, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen 
    Thickness dependence of the optical properties of split-ring resonator metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1256 (2007).
  7. L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen         
    Analysis of metamaterials using transmission line models
    Appl. Phys. B 86, 425 (2007).
  8. C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, and H. Giessen          
    Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared
    Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).